SUNDAY, May 22, 2022 (HealthDay News) — If you have both asthma and seasonal allergies, there are ways to lessen the impacts of that double whammy, an expert says.
people with asthmachronic lung disease, should try to control or prevent allergic outbreaks, said Dr. Miranda Curtiss, assistant professor at the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine.
Nasal steroids and nasal antihistamines are among the easiest and most effective ways to defend against seasonal allergies, she said. Plus, they’re inexpensive and available over the counter or by prescription, Curtiss added.
injections against allergies are another option.
“Allergy injections may be useful for patients with seasonal and year-round allergies,” Curtiss said in a university press release. “However, this is a long-term investment that requires planning to continue treatment for three to five years for maximum benefit. Asthmatics who wish to start allergy shots must first have good asthma control before starting the injections.
During peak pollen conditions, it’s also important to keep your home or car windows closed and use central air conditioning, she advised.
“Changing clothes when possible and showering after entering the house can also be helpful,” Curtiss said.
Indoor allergens – such as dust mites, molds, cockroaches and pets – tend to be present all year round, but can fluctuate with factors that affect outdoor allergens.
“Because they are perennial, it’s harder to notice how much they affect asthma and allergy symptoms, compared to seasonal allergens, but they can have profound effects on asthma symptoms” , said Curtiss. “Overall, exposure to allergens appears to make allergic asthmatics more likely to have an exacerbation when they have a viral infection.”
Regular use of asthma inhalers can help asthma patients control their symptoms. “It’s the single most important way for patients to protect themselves,” Curtiss emphasized.
Pay attention to how often you take your inhaler, she says.
If you need to use your rescue inhaler more than twice during the day per week or more than twice at night per month, your asthma is not controlled and you should speak to your doctor about the possibility of increasing your treatment, a she added.
“All asthma patients can protect themselves against severe exacerbations by paying attention to their symptoms every day and seeking help early in the onset of a flare-up, when they are most likely to respond to treatment,” Curtiss said. . “If an asthma patient uses more than one rescue inhaler per month, this is a major red flag and requires urgent specialist assessment.”
To learn more about spring allergies and asthma, see the American Lung Association.
SOURCE: University of Alabama at Birmingham, press release, May 10, 2022
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